A Conceptual Framework for the Innovative Design of Temporary Accommodation for Flood Victims in Tha Korpai Community, Warin Chamrab Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand
Tha Korpai community in Warin Chamrab, Ubon Ratchathani Province, Thailand, adjacent to the Mun River, contains 187 houses located at the foot of the Democracy Bridge. The area is affected by floods every year by low pressure or tropical storms during the rainy season. In particular, Ubon Ratchathani is the last province where the water masses of the Mun River and the Chi River converge before flowing into the Mekong River. There is a large drainage dam from the north of the province to the Mun River to prevent floods in the rainy season. However, floods often damage housing and habitats. Every rainy season, residents of nearly 70 villagers are displaced on the roadside at the foot of the Democracy Bridge. After flood, the residents need housing—either building new ones or repairing the old ones.
Nowadays, architects and designers have created innovative shelters to help people to cope with natural disasters, both in terms of design and the use of effective materials. The purposes of this study were: (1) to conduct a case study research on the characteristics and patterns of temporary accommodations of the flood victims in Ubon Ratchathani province, (2) to study temporary accommodations available in Thailand and abroad, and (3) to identify existing problems and important factors to create a conceptual framework and innovation for management of temporary accommodation suitable for the areas in Ubon Ratchathani. This study was expected to generate information on the primary needs of the post-disaster survivors, the innovative solutions, and actions taken upon flood victims particularly in providing temporary accommodation with effective design for flood victims.
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