Journal of Technology and Innovation in Tertiary Education JTI is intended for the publication of original contributions in the areas of technology and innovation as practiced by academics or scholars in their fields of specializations in applied sciences. It is a peer-reviewed journal and each volume is published online-plus-print twice a year (No.1 in June & No.2 in December). Original research articles and mini reviews will be included in this journal. News and views are also welcomed in the section of Professional Forum. The details and views expressed in the journal by named authors are solely the responsibility of those contributors.